Monday, February 25, 2008

Paper Density

The paper density of a type of paper or cardboard is the collection of the product per unit of area. Two ways of expressing paper density are usually used:

* Expressed in grams per square metre (g/m²), paper density is also called as grammage. This is the evaluate used in most parts of the world.

* Expressed in conditions of the mass (in pounds) of a ream of 500 (or in some cases 1000) sheets of a specified (raw, still uncut) basis size, paper density is called as basis weight. The base size and area used here based on the product type. This convention is used in the United States, and (to a lesser degree) in a very little number of other countries that use United States paper sizes. Japanese paper is articulated as the weight in kg of 1000 sheets.

Tuesday, February 19, 2008

Barcode Printer

A barcode printer (or bar code printer) is a computer peripheral for printing barcode labels or tags that can be fond of to physical objects. Barcode printers are normally used to label cartons before shipment, or to label retail items with UPCs or EANs.

The most regular barcode printers employ one of two different printing technologies. Direct thermal printers use a printhead to produce heat that causes a chemical reaction in specially designed paper that turns the paper black. Thermal transfer printers also use heat, but instead of reacting the paper, the heat melts a waxy or resin material on a ribbon that runs over the label or tag material. The heat transfers ink starting the ribbon to the paper. Direct thermal printers are normally less expensive, but they produce labels that can become illegible if exposed to heat, direct sunlight, or chemical vapors.

Barcode printers are designed for various markets. Industrial barcode printers are used in big warehouses and manufacturing facilities. They have big paper capacities, operate faster and have a longer service life. For retail and office environments, desktop barcode printers are most regular.

Monday, February 11, 2008

Obsolete And Special-Purpose Printing Technologies

The following technologies are either obsolete, or limited to particular applications though most were, at one time, in widespread use.

Thermal printers work by selectively heating regions of particular heat-sensitive paper. These printers are limited to special-purpose applications such as money registers and the printers in ATMs and gasoline dispensers. They are also used in some older reasonably priced fax machines.

Impact printers rely on a forcible impact to transfer ink to the media, like to the action of a typewriter. All but the dot matrix printer rely on the use of shaped characters, letterforms that represent each of the characters that the printer was capable of printing. In addition, most of these printers were restricted to monochrome printing in a single typeface at one time, although bolding and underlining of text could be done by overstriking, that is, printing two or more impressions in the same character position. Impact printers varieties contain, Typewriter-derived printers, Teletypewriter-derived printers, Daisy wheel printers, Dot matrix printers and Line printers. Dot matrix printers remain in general use in businesses where multi-part forms are printed, such as car rental service counters.

Pen-based plotters were an alternate printing technology once general in engineering and architectural firms. Pen-based plotters rely on contact with the paper (but not impact, per se), and particular purpose pens that are mechanically run over the paper to create text and images.

Wednesday, February 06, 2008

Integrated circuit

Integrated circuit viewing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. Note the fine silver-colored wires that attach the integrated circuit to the pins of the package. A monolithic integrated circuit (also known as IC, microcircuit, microchip, silicon chip, or chip) is a miniaturized electronic circuit (consisting mostly of semiconductor devices, as well as passive components) that has been contrived in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material.

A hybrid integrated circuit is a miniaturized electronic circuit build of individual semiconductor devices, as well as passive components, bonded to a substrate or circuit board.